STRATEGIES OF NARRATION IN LITERARY TEXTS FOR CHILDREN
Purpose. The research aims at revealing key strategies of narration in literary texts for children. A case study of the research is short stories for children – “A Snowy day” written by American writer Ezra Kits, two series of short stories written by English writers Enid Blyton “Good idea, Amelia Jane!” and Michael Bond “Paddington at the Carnival”. Methods. The method of narratological analysis enabled to reveal verbal and nonverbal means of realization key narrative strategies in literary texts for children. Results. It has been proved that the strategies of simplification and empathization are the main strategies of narration in literary texts for children. We assume that the strategy of narration is the author’s plan of realization his intentions and the way of construing the narrative, which activates the curiosity of a child-reader and makes him/her immerse in the text. The strategy of simplification aims at creation the narrative furnished with simple sentences, lineal composition structure, transparent and dynamic plot, distinct division of good and evil characters. The story is focused on the events and actions more than on long description and characters’ emotional states.
Visual pictures convey additional information about the settings and provide the child-reader with unknown information for him. Illustrations serve as nonverbal means of realization the key narrative strategies and enable to simplify the verbal narration. The strategy of empathization focuses on activation a child-reader’s sympathy towards the main characters and the events that happen to them. As narratives for children tend to avoid ambivalence and one can observe very exact division of good and evil characters, the strategy of empathization activates compassion and love towards good characters and aversion to evil characters and their actions. Conclusions. The key strategies of narration in literary texts for children are the strategies of simplification and empathization. Such strategies enable the author to realize his intentions to create the narrative that is comprehensible for a child-reader as it corresponds to his/her age and psychophysiological peculiarities. These strategies also serves the author’s intention to teach what is good and evil, educate and inform a child-reader about unknown things for him/her.
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