STRATEGIES OF NARRATION IN LITERARY TEXTS FOR CHILDREN

  • Alla Oleksiivna Tsapiv
Keywords: strategy of narration, literary text for children, author’s intention, simplification, empathization

Abstract

Purpose. The research aims at revealing key strategies of narration in literary texts for children. A case study of the research is short stories for children – “A Snowy day” written by American writer Ezra Kits, two series of short stories written by English writers Enid Blyton “Good idea, Amelia Jane!” and Michael Bond “Paddington at the Carnival”. Methods. The method of narratological analysis enabled to reveal verbal and nonverbal means of realization key narrative strategies in literary texts for children. Results. It has been proved that the strategies of simplification and empathization are the main strategies of narration in literary texts for children. We assume that the strategy of narration is the author’s plan of realization his intentions and the way of construing the narrative, which activates the curiosity of a child-reader and makes him/her immerse in the text. The strategy of simplification aims at creation the narrative furnished with simple sentences, lineal composition structure, transparent and dynamic plot, distinct division of good and evil characters. The story is focused on the events and actions more than on long description and characters’ emotional states.

Visual pictures convey additional information about the settings and provide the child-reader with unknown information for him. Illustrations serve as nonverbal means of realization the key narrative strategies and enable to simplify the verbal narration. The strategy of empathization focuses on activation a child-reader’s sympathy towards the main characters and the events that happen to them. As narratives for children tend to avoid ambivalence and one can observe very exact division of good and evil characters, the strategy of empathization activates compassion and love towards good characters and aversion to evil characters and their actions. Conclusions. The key strategies of narration in literary texts for children are the strategies of simplification and empathization. Such strategies enable the author to realize his intentions to create the narrative that is comprehensible for a child-reader as it corresponds to his/her age and psychophysiological peculiarities. These strategies also serves the author’s intention to teach what is good and evil, educate and inform a child-reader about unknown things for him/her.

References

1. Бахтин М. М. Формы времени и хронотопа в романе. Очерки по исторической поэтике. Вопросы литературы и эстетики. Исследования разных лет. Москва: «Художественная литература», (1975). С. 234–407.
2. Долгова В.И. Мельник Е.В. Эмпатия : монография. М.: изд-во «Перо», (2014). 185 с.
3. Женетт Жерар Фигуры . М.: Изд-во им. Сабашниковых, (1998). 944 с.
4. Шмид В. Нарратология. М.: Языки славянской культуры, (2003).312 с.
5. Bal M. Narratology. Introduction to the theory of narrative. Toronto. Buffalo. London : University of Toronto Press, (2017). 205 p.
6. Fludernik M. An introduction to narratology. London and New York: Rouledge. Taylor and Francis group, (2002). 190 p.
7. Gomel E. Narrative space and time. Representing impossible Topologies in literature. New York & London: Routledge, (2017). 226 p.
8. Herman D. Narratologies: New Perspectives on Narrative Analysis. Columbus: Ohio State UP., (1999). 432 p.
9. Herman L., Vervaeck B. Handbook of narrative analysis. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, (2001). 232 p.
10. Nikolajeva M. Children’s literature comes of age. London and New York: Rouledge Taylor & Frances Group, (2016). 225 p.
11. Nodelman P. The hidden adult. Defining children’s literature. Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, (2008). 390 p.
12. Rogers C. Freedom to learn fort he 80’s. C.E. Merrill Publishing Company, (1983). 312 p.
13. Shavit Z. Poetics of Children’s literature. Athens and London: The University of Georgia Press, (1986). 193 p.
Published
2019-12-27
Pages
58-63
Section
SECTION 4 TEXT LINGUISTICS AND CONTEXTUAL MANIFESTATIONS OF LEXICAL UNITS