LINGUAL MEANS OF UNCERTAINTY IN POSTMODERN SHORT-SHORT STORIES

  • Mariia Serhiivna Zavarynska
Keywords: uncertainty, ambivalence, polysemy, ambiguity, postmodernism, short-short genre, short-short story

Abstract

The article focuses on the study of the notion of uncertainty and its lingual means in postmodern experimental literature, particularly in short-short stories. Wide popularity of short-short genre, or flash fiction, caused by global tendency to genre reduction. Causes of such “minimization” lie in the fast life pace of modern person, non-stop IT development and free interpretation of short-short story by the reader, since “minimization” may produce understatement and uncertainty. It enables to indicate lingual specificity of short-short stories in contemporary postmodern poetics. In the article it is explored the specificity of uncertainty realization in postmodern fiction and the notion of uncertainty through the prism of transdisciplinarity.

Purpose of the article – revealing lexico-grammatical and stylistic means of uncertainty realization in postmodern short-short stories (PSHS) through the lens of postmodern poetics.

Methods of article investigation caused by the purpose and are based on complex approach to the analysis of uncertainty in PSHS. Methods and means of the study include such general scientific methods as: descriptive method – for classification of inner and outer interpretation of stylistic and cognitive peculiarities; deductive-inductive method – for analysis and synthesis of scientific concepts; sample method – for selection of text fragments in which uncertainty emerges. In the article, the following linguistic methods: are used contextual-interpretative method with application of stylistic analysis of tropes and figures for indication of semantic content in stylistic means of uncertainty created in PSHS; structural method in the form of redistributable distributional and, immediate constituents analyses, semantic and component analysis which helped to indicate several meaning in a word and their simultaneous realization in the context; the methodology of mental spaces for revealing the cognitive nature of uncertainty in PSHS.

Results of the article investigation make a contribution to the study of the 21st century English postmodern short-short stories with lingual specificity and system description of uncertainty as its key feature.

Conclusions. Uncertainty one of the most important category in postmodern literary text. The analysis of immediate constituent that uncertainty has a prominent role showing itself in phonographic, morphological, lexico-semantical, semasiological, syntactical, compositional-stylistic way.

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Published
2019-12-27
Pages
24-28
Section
SECTION 2 FUNCTIONAL SEMANTICS OF LEXICAL AND GRAMMATICAL UNITS